We just finished a new barn on our property. We needed a sheltered area for the goats and cattle for the winter as well as a predator-proof nighttime roost for our poultry to deter the extremely bold and clever minks.
We had one large barn from the 1940’s already but it leans pretty badly, is elevated off the ground (not predator proof), and doesn’t offer any sheltered areas for livestock that are secure. We have 2 useful stalls that we use for quarantine purposes, but that old barn is really not useful for anything other than storage.
So with the help of Abe, one of our Amish neighbors, we designed a combination run-in shed and poultry roosting house to serve our purposes. The completed structure is 20′ wide, 48′ long, and 8′ tall at the lowest point of the roof rising to 12′ tall at the apex. The poultry roosting area is 16′ x 20′ (320 square feet) and the run-in shelter is 32′ by 20′ (640 square feet).
The poultry roosting section is completely enclosed with poplar boxing harvested from our woods at the top of the hill. The boxing goes all the way up to the roof and spacers are attached to prevent any critter from climbing over the walls. We also sunk hardwood boards a foot into the ground below the boxing to prevent digging critters. As an extra measure of protection chicken wire will be stapled to the baseboards, buried beneath a thick layer of gravel planted with thorny cactus and multiflora rosebushes to form a (hopefully) impenetrable barrier to predators. If any minks, raccoons, or stray cats can get through this, then we’ll just have to give up on raising chickens. Inside the roosting house will be a bamboo roost, nesting boxes, and a feed bin with a rodent-deterring latching system all over an auto-composting deep bedding system.
The run-in shed serves as shade and shelter for the ruminants during stormy winter weather. On the open front we will attach 2 16′ gates to span the open side. One gate will open outwards and one gate will open into the shelter, allowing us to utilized the gate to help us corral goats for hoof trimmings. We purposefully placed the shelter connected to the garden area to collect the fertility from the hay and manure for our crops. Basically, the cows poop, we add some grain and cover it with straw or hay, the cows poop more, we add more grain and cover it with straw or hay, and the cows trample out all of the oxygen. This binds all of the nutrients together and stores them until we’re ready. No smell and no shoveling manure!
Once the cows and goats are back out on pasture in early April, we’ll buy a couple feeder pigs and turn them into the shelter and garden area. The pigs will root through all that hay, straw, and manure in search of the grain we buried in there for them. In the process, the pigs will inject oxygen into all that organic matter and the whole lot of it will begin to compost. After a few weeks we will have a garden that has been fertilized and tilled as well as a couple of pigs to eat!
This shelter went up very quickly. It took 3 men (2 Amish and 1 Geoff), 1 teenager, and 1 kid 5 days to complete it. Very economical as well. Abe gets good prices. I priced out the materials at Lowe’s and the wood alone was only $700 less than we paid for the whole structure and the labor. Plus, it’s built far more sturdily than I could have hope to build it alone.